—  A Stakeholders' Forum was organized by the National Directorate of Employment (NDE) with the support of FOCU and World Bank in order to equip the key implementers of S4J with its operational modalities. Participants at the forum were representatives of the Public/Private Sector Operators from each of the six (6) pilot participating states at the first instance (that is, Bauchi, Cross River, Ekiti, Kwara, Niger and Oyo).


—  Subsequently, step-down stakeholders’ forum involving more participants (PSOs) was held in each of the states in order to intimate them of what YESSO and Skills for Job is all about as well as their roles and responsibilities under the operation. 


—  Formation of MoU drafting Committees.


—  Signing of MoU between State Governments and Public/Private Sector Umbrella Body


—  Engagement of Consulting Firms for:


ü  Skills Scan Study


ü  Development of Life Skills Training Manual


ü  Development of Sector Specific Skills Training Manual


ü  Conduct of Life Skills Training


ü  Conduct of Sector Specific Skills Training


ü  Payment of Beneficiaries’ stipends


ü  Review of existing NDE’s Entrepreneurship Development training Manual


ü  Preparation of Trainees’ Information Handbook, Registration Form, Deployment Form, Commitment form, logbook, ID Cards and Attendance Register


ü  Production of the above items and distribution of same to the states concerned.


ü  Conduct of Refresher Training for Training Officers (Entrepreneurship) officers and other co-opted staff from the Directorate expected to be resource persons during the Entrepreneurship skills training.


A complete S4J Cycle consists of the following activities:




This exercise entailed the identification of the poorest of the poor by the community members (using the Community Based Targeting [CBT] methodology) to populate the Single Register. The Single Register (SR) is maintained by the State Operation Coordinating Unit (SOCU) which in most cases is located within the State Planning Ministry. The SR serves as a single platform where each of the four components draws its beneficiaries.


The NDE State S4J Team in the respective States, mines [selects] the prospective S4J beneficiaries from the Single Register using the following criteria for selection in the following sequence:


-          Must have JSS3 (Minimum of 9 years of schooling)


-          Must be between 18 – 35 years


-          Must be unemployed






The verification exercise which is carried out by the NDE State S4J Team in conjunction with Representatives of the CBT Team at the LGA level, embark on door to door verification of mined prospective S4J beneficiaries in each of the Seventeen [17] S4J participating states. Sometimes meetings are held at a centralized venue within their communities, telephone calls, SMS, radio jingles, etc are additional channels of reaching the prospective trainees.  The exercise is aimed at ascertaining the number of S4J prospective beneficiaries who would be available and ready to participate in the nine months’ training.




The NDE State S4J Team in each of the participating states, is expected to source for State-owned Training institution that satisfy the criteria of being is well equipped with adequate facilities and qualified Resource Persons that can impart the first level skills training especially as it relates to Life and Sector Specific Skills trainings. to the beneficiaries. Such Institutions could be State College of Education, Polytechnic, University of Technology, Technical College, etc.


The selected Institution having accepted the training cost (as presented by the Directorate) after much negotiation would be cleared by the World Bank. Subsequently, an agreement between the Institution and the NDE would be signed before embarking on the three months first level skills training. Some Training institutions provide boarding facilities while others have day facilities prompting the  NDE S4J Teams to  inspect both options in the states.  Payment for the conduct of the first level skills training is done in three tranches. The first tranche before commencement, while the 2nd and 3rd are made on the conclusion of different levels of training and satisfactory retirement of already disbursed funds to the institution.




Having confirmed the number of S4J prospective Trainees and on disbursement of first tranche of training cost to the selected Training Institution, the first level skills training is conducted in the following order in each of the S4J participating States:


a.      Conduct of Three-Day Orientation Exercise of S4J Beneficiaries


The NDE state S4J Team in each of the seventeen S4J states carries out orientation exercise as provided in the S4J implementation work plan. The 3–day exercise is aimed at intimating the Trainees on the overview of Youth Employment and Social Support Operation [YESSO], Brief Description of Skills for Job [S4J] Component, Use of Training Materials, Payment of monthly stipends, Safety Precaution in the workshop, Expected Behaviour of Trainees,  Monitoring & Evaluation activities, etc. At the end of the three days exercise, each Trainee would be issued with a copy of S4J Handbook on Information Tips.




b.     Conduct of Ten-Day Life Skills Training


Life Skills training is the next activity after Orientation and the training is aimed at equipping the Trainees with skills that will enable them to handle daily challenges of life. The ten-day skill training is conducted by qualified Resource Persons from the Training Institution using the approved life skills Training Manual under the supervision of the NDE S4J Team. Modules such as “Getting started, Personal Evaluation & capacity development, Critical thinking and decision making, Communication, Time & Stress Management, Financial intelligence, Conflict Management, etc are taught using various methods ranging from role play, discussion, demonstration, lecture, etc.








c.      Conduct of Twenty-Day Sector Specific Skills Training


The next segment of training under the first level Skills Training is Sector Specific Skills Training which is targeted at exposing the trainees to the various Sectors of the Economy with high employment potentials which include but not limited to; Agriculture, Manufacturing, Hospitality, Creative Arts, Construction, ICT, Electrical/Electronics, etc. Trainees are then encouraged to select one or more skills under the Sector of their choice, and competent Resource Persons from the Institution train them in both theoretical and the practical aspects of the skills for twenty working days.


d.      Conduct of Twenty-Day Entrepreneurship Skills Training


Entrepreneurship skill training being the last segment of training is carried out by NDE State S4J Team members and some co-opted NDE staff proficient in Entrepreneurship skills for twenty (20) days. The Training is aimed at empowering the trainees with the right set of skills that will equip them to start and run their businesses successfully and become successful Entrepreneurs as well.


e.      Conduct of  Interview/Deployment for Internship


This activity rounds off the three months first level skills training and each trainee is interviewed by the officially constituted Interview Panel comprising of representative of the Private Sector Operator Umbrella Body,  the State Government and NDE State S4J Team members chaired by the Team Head or his representative. This exercise may last for 3 to 5 days depending on the number of trainees to be interviewed and the number of Panels constituted. The trainees are deployed to already approved Public/Private Sector Operators whose absorptive capacity have already been ascertained  by the NDE S4J Team during the three months first level skills training.








The S4J Trainees deployed to the approved and competent Public/Private Sector Operators are exposed mainly to the practical aspect of the skills acquired during the Sector Specific Skills Training for a period of six months. Additionally, more practical aspect of the Entrepreneurship skills is also imparted on the Trainees during the internship period.


7.                  OTHER ACTIVITIES INCLUDE:


i.                    Payment of Monthly Stipends to the S4J Trainees throughout the 9 months Training Cycle is part of the incentive designed for this component. Each Trainee is entitled to the sum of N7,500 only upon achieving a 20 days attendance and if less than 20 days the payment is prorated but if less than 2 days of attendance the Trainee is sent out of the training.


ii.                  Provision of a meal per day to each S4J Trainee throughout the three months first level skills training in the state-owned Training Institution operating day facilities and provision of three-square meals and accommodation for those with boarding facilities.


iii.                Provision of incentives to Private Sector Operators at the rate of N3,000 per month per Trainee for the 6 months internship period.


iv.                Certification of S4J Trainees by National Business & Technical Education Board [NABTEB] – an external approved Examination Body that Conducts Modular Trade Certification Examination [MTC].


v.                  Conduct of Tracer Study by NDE S4J Team to track graduate S4J Interns one year after completion of training.


vi.                Conduct of Impact Evaluation in three states of Bauchi, Kogi and Cross River to ascertain the efficacy of the different aspect of the 9 months S4J Training


vii.              Introduction and conduct of Output Based S4J Sub-Component of YESSO in Kwara, Niger, Kogi, Osun and Oyo States.


viii.            Plan to provide starter pack to S4J graduate Interns to enable them set up their own businesses and become self-employed and invariably employers of labour.




With the Skills for Job planning to round up all aspects of the skills trainings in June, 2020, all efforts are at top gear to ensure that the starter packs of the S4J beneficiaries in all the 17 States concerned are ready for disbursement at the conclusion of the internship exercise in June, 2020.


Nevertheless, it is expedient we state that these achievements have been made possible through the active support of the NDE Management, FOCU and the World Bank.