Oyo State

 

The Youth Employment and Social Support Operation (YESSO) in the State. It has completed four rounds of the Community Based Targeting (CBT) exercise across 1,016 communities in the thirty-three (33) Local Government Areas culminating into the establishment and has of produced a database of the poor and vulnerable standing at 107,839 individuals spread across 29,098 households and kept in a data bank known as the Single Social Register of poor and vulnerable (SShouseholds  with R). The CBT exercise has produced 29,098 Households and 107,839 individuals who are identified as Poor and Vulnerable by their communities. 54,759 Female  and captured 53,080 Males. captured.

 

Oyo, usually known as Oyo state to distinguish it from the city of Oyo, is an inland state in south west Nigeria, with its capital at Ibadan. Oyo state is rated 29.4% by the United Nation Poverty Index. The state is known as the cocoa house and built from cocoa earnings. The state also houses the old Oyo Nnational Ppark.

 

The Youth Employment and Social Support Operation (YESSO) kick started in Oyo State in the year 2013 as one of the pioneer YESSO States. . Oyo State was found eligible to participate in the first tier of the operation because of the existence of a similar programme to YESSO in the State. The Youth Empowerment Scheme- Oyo (YES-O) qualified Oyo State for the programme. The journey to Community Based Targeting (CBT) Exercise starts with the ranking of Local Government Areas in the State using credible document endorsed by the State Government. This allows selection of Local Government Areas for the intervention based on their poverty status, that is the Local Governments identified as poorest were the first to have a taste of YESSO programme. before those that are not too poor.

 

This is followed by the process of verifying the poverty status of communities in the Local Government Areas with the help of a team of staff of the Local Governments known as Community Based Targeting teams (CBTT) identified in line with World Bank's criteria. The team is given technical support by the Oyo State Operation Coordinating Unit (OYOSOCU) to carry out the exercise by listing out all communities in the Local Governments with the aim of ranking them based on the criteria obtained from their Local Government functionaries. The criteria are given numerical strength to ease the process of ranking through summation of indices derived from the criteria.

 

The outcome is an endorsed document by Local Government functionaries which gives undisputed information on the poverty status of communities in LGAs barring misinformation or half-truth on the status of any given community by Local Government (CBTT). As it stands now in Oyo State, the document has been generated in all the LGAs of the State and it can be authoritatively stated that the document is the first of its kind in the Local Government Areas. The document generated in each of the thirty-three (33) Local Government Areas and thirty-five (35) Local Council Development Areas (LCDAs) of the State had been used by YESSO to determine the thirty poorest communities where the CBT exercise had taken place and would take place subsequently.

 

The use of the document forestalls undue interference on the choice of communities where YESSO would intervene and encourages even spread of development in each Local Government. The Community Based Targeting (CBT) process concludes by engaging community members to fish out the poor in their midst by the use of their subjective knowledge of poverty. The CBTTs who are Local   Government career officers are trained on how to elicit information from Community members in order to get the poor in their midst.

 

Oyo State Operation Coordinating Unit is the coordinating arm of the Youth Employment and Social Support Operation (YESSO) in the State. It has completed four rounds of the Community Based Targeting (CBT) exercise across 1,016 communities in the thirty-three (33) Local Government Areas culminating and has produced a database of the poor and vulnerable standing at 107,839 individuals spread across 29,098 households and kept in a data bank known as the Single Social Register (SSR). The CBT exercise has produced 29,098 Households and 107,839 individuals who are identified as Poor and Vulnerable by their communities. 54,759 are fFemales while  captured 53,080 M are males captured.

 

.For the Skills 4 Job (S4J), 182 beneficiaries took part in the first pilot cycle in Oyo State and they were all empowered with provision of starter packs by the State Government after completing nine months of Sector Specific and Internship training. Another set of 199 beneficiaries were trained under the 2nd Pilot Cycle and are awaiting starter packs to be procured using the IDA funds. The 3rd Pilot Cycle witnessed the participation of an unprecedented number of 740 beneficiaries in the 3rd Component of YESSO while a total number of 121 youths from poor households are involved in the 4th Pilot of the scheme.

 

To ensure ownership and ensure sustainability, the restructured YESSO allowed a State led arrangement under which 201 youths equally mined from the SSR participated. The State's Emmanuel Alayande College of Education anchored the State led arrangement under the tutelage of the National Directorate of Employment. The 201 beneficiaries have been deployed to undergo six months internship training at various Private Sector Organizations. They equally receive 7,500 as stipends on a monthly basis. 182 beneficiaries have been engaged and given starter packs after completing nine months of Sector Specific and internship training, 199 from 2nd Pilot had also completed their training and still awaiting starter packs while 740 from 3rd Pilot, 121 from 4th Pilot and 201 from State Led have been deployed to undergo six months internship training with theat Private Sector Organizations. They receive N7,500 as stipends on a monthly basis throughout the training period.

 

The Ppublic  workfareWorkfare (PWF) has mined the total number of 6,869 beneficiaries selected from the Single Register andhave been engaged in short-term labor-intensive work such as clearing of drainages and refuse dumped indiscriminately on the road and filling of potholes on community roads. 828 Communities are benefiting from the initiative. The beneficiaries receive #7,500 as stipends on a monthly basis.

 

Twenty-Seven (27) participants from Omodun community in Iseyin Local Government contributed earnings to cultivate over thirty (30) acres of farmland which is regarded as the highest farm investment in the history of the community. The investment has drastically changed the hope and aspirations of the beneficiaries. Oluwaseun Akanmu is physically challenged and was enlisted among the beneficiaries of Public Workfare. He now has a poultry farm where he rears chicken.

 

The tracer study of the 1st pilot showed that the intervention had been highly impactful and commendable in that it has gone a long way to improve the livelihood of the poorest of the poor beneficiaries and their households.  The intervention had upgraded the skills of the unemployed poor & vulnerable households thus making them to have sustainable and marketable skills for employability. Life skills training has reformed the lives of the formerly notorious beneficiaries and their lives had been reoriented for good. The Acquisition of skills by the beneficiaries gives means of livelihood and removes poverty. Thus, the main objective of the Skills for Job has been achieved. 

 

‘’MY ADMINISTRATION WILL NOT ONLY CONFRONT POVERTY, BUT WILL USHER IN AN ERA OF PROGRESS AND PROSPERITY’’-MAKINDE

 

The Executive Governor of Oyo State, Engr. Seyi Makinde has stated that his administration will not only confront poverty, but will usher in an era of progress and prosperity.  He stated this while speaking through the acting Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Youth and Sports Mrs. Olubisi Adegoke at the Opening Ceremony of the Orientation Programme organized for Stakeholders and Beneficiaries of Public Workfare a component of Youth Employment and Social Support Operation (YESSO) in the State.

 

According to him ‘’ I was reliably informed that the Youth Employment and Social Support Operation (YESSO) is a Social Safety Net (SSN) initiative that builds on existing structures and delivery mechanisms of government with the aim of improving its processes. YESSO is piloting a new approach in poverty alleviation efforts by establishing a Single Register (SR) to address the challenge of identification of the poor and vulnerable”.

 

Governor Makinde pointed out that his administration has set forth policies which will tackle infrastructure deficits, enable an efficient Health Sector, Improve Security, Youth Empowerment, Social Inclusion and Protection. He reiterated that the State Government would continue to partner with the World Bank in the area of sustainable developmental projects and Youth Employment opportunities. He also charged the beneficiaries to comport themselves during the period of the programme.

 

In her address, the State Coordinator, Oyo State Operation Coordinating Unit (OYOSOCU) Mrs. Laide Lasisi appreciated the Governor for his approval of the Orientation Programme to meet the World Bank’s time line, adding that the database of the poor and vulnerable is available at the Oyo State Operation Coordinating Unit (OYOSOCU) office for well-meaning Nigerians targeting the poor and vulnerable for one assistance or another.

 

Earlier in her welcome address, the Acting Executive Secretary of the Agency for Youth Development (AYD) Mrs. Airat Adegbola welcomed everyone to the Orientation Programme stating that Youth Empowerment is one of the major cardinal programmes of the new administration in the State which has made the Executive Governor of Oyo State to magnanimously approve the release of Four Million, Eight Hundred and Forty- Four Thousand, Nine Hundred and Thirty –One Naira, Forty-Five Kobo (4,844,931.45k) only. Being the required balance needed on the State Contribution for 10% stipend payment and provision of Five Thousand (5,000) Kits/Uniform.