Gombe State


SOCU of Gombe State collaborated with the eight selected Local Government Councils and each LGA listed all her communities and equally conducted poverty ranking of all their communities using agreed criteria. A total of 101,698 Households have been enumerated.


Gombe state is situated within the North East region of Nigeria. The state has agriculture as the main occupation of its people and this is because it is blessed with rich soil, yet the state is said to be the 2nd poorest state in Nigeria. The state has suffered numerous attacks from the terror group Boko Haram. It has a 76.9% poverty rate by the United nation poverty index.


Gombe state government keyed into the Youth Employment and Social Support Operation (YESSO) programme in 2017 after its Expression of Interest on 5th February, 2014. Upon fulfilment of the eligibility criteria set by World Bank in partnership with the Federal Government. The State Operation Coordinating Unit (SOCU) was then constituted and established to coordinate the YESSO programme. SOCU was cleared by the World Bank becoming effective in April 2017 and funds made available for YESSO activities on 7th July, 2017. Since then, (SOCU) has organized, planned and conducted series of YESSO activities towards the establishment of the Single Register (SR) and Unified Register of Beneficiaries (URB).


The program uses a combination of targeting methods including geographic targeting, Community-Based Targeting (CBT), and the application of a Proxy Means Test (PMT) for identifying and screening poor and vulnerable households for its interventions. The database of identified poor households, families or individual called Single Register of Poor and Vulnerable Households (SRPVH) or Single Register of Poor (SRP) or simply Single Register (SR), can be used for selecting beneficiaries for YESSO and other targeted social safety net programs in the future as part of a social protection system.


The YESSO programme commence in May, 2017 with geographic targeting using Gombe state poverty map to select the poorest LGAs after the first three (3) poorest LGAs selected from each of the three Senatorial District with support from National Social Safety-Net Coordinating Office (NASSCO) Vice President Office. However, as this will leave out only eight (8) LGAs, (SOCU) requested clearance/No Objection from the World Bank to take all the remaining eight (8) LGAs at one round of the process. The World Bank gave clearance and eight (8) LGAs were taken and visited for sensitization and mobilization for the (CBT) process. (SOCU) collaborated with the eight Local Government Councils and each LGA listed all her communities and equally conducted poverty ranking of all their communities using agreed criteria. Community Based Targeting (CBT) teams and Enumerators teams were constituted in all the Eight LGAs and with Clearance of the World Bank, The LGAs CBT teams were Trained on the Community Based Targeting using the Focus Group Discussion (FGD) method of identifying poor and Vulnerable Households/Individuals while the enumerators were trained on collection of information from the identified poor and vulnerable Households/individuals using both Paper Aided Personal Interview (PAPI) and Computer Aided Personal Interview (CAPI).


Technical support on Community Based Targeting (CBT) and Host Community Based Identification (HCBI) training was equally provided by the Federal Operations Coordinating Unit (FOCU) to (SOCU) staff.


Community Based Targeting (CBT) and Enumeration is then used to identify a pool of poor and vulnerable households through Focus Group Discussions (FGD) and community gatherings led by trained facilitators who are the CBT teams and staff selected by the LGAs, with support by SOCU. These staff constitute a Community Based Targeting Team (CBTT) of 4 members lead by a community development officer (CDO). A total of 101,698 Households have been enumerated and uploaded to the National Social Registry with the clearance of the World Bank Team. Comprising of 487,669 Individuals 247,509 Males and 240,160 females. The enumeration process has been completed in all the 11 LGAS with the exception of some communities for which all the communities across the State will be covered by June,2020. Another targeting process solely for the identification and enumeration of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Gombe state. Already a total of 7,141 IDP households (HHs) made up of 34,049 individuals; residing in 285 host communities across the 11 LGAs have been listed and validated for this process. The process was outsourced to Civil Society Organization (CSO’s) and academia for data capture.


The S4J Gombe state component of YESSO is operating in one local government areas in the state (Gombe LGA) with total number of 1098 participants mined from the SOCU Single Register, out of which 997 were verified and documented. Skills for job (S4J) in Gombe consistently maintained the number 997 for the orientation, life skills training, sector specific skills training, entrepreneurship skills training and deployment for internship. 990 beneficiaries were registered for the NABTEB modular examination held on the 11th of March, 2020. (S4J) Gombe verified beneficiaries in Gombe Local Government Areas of Gombe State total Number of beneficiaries 997 male 697 female 300.


TGT as one of the components of YESSO under the supervision of state emergency management Agency (SEMA) Gombe state was successfully assembled and domiciled in Gombe state in the year 2018. The activities of (TGT) in Gombe state has recorded enormous success within a short period of its implementation. The programme assisted by World Bank was initiated to provide support to individual displaced persons (IDPs) specifically in the north east whom were displaced by insurgency to enable them to relocate to their parent’s communities that is declared safe for resettlement or any other community that is willing to accommodate them. As part of its core mandate the (TGT) unit in Gombe state has successfully mined 3,534 beneficiaries of the first round from the Unified Register of Beneficiaries (URB) this was followed by the advocacy and sensitization of all the stakeholders across the Eleven (11) LGAs in the state. The unit also has successfully signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the payment service provider (PSP) which in our own case its a former Sky bank and now Polaris bank Gombe. The (TGT) also conducted the validation, enrolment and orientation of the IDPs in the host communities accordingly across the state, and already the first tranche of 30,000 which is the basic grant have been distributed to all the eligible beneficiaries across the 11 LGAs in the state, However in its bid to ensure prompt relocation of the IDPs to their parent communities or any other community that is ready to accept them, the (TGT) unit embarked on relocation exercise across the state where (220) beneficiaries indicated their willingness to relocate, the exercise was a huge success as the remaining beneficiaries were found to have settle among the host communities. Through its dedicated and committed staff, TGT in Gombe state had paid the second tranche of grant to the beneficiaries that is the sum of 20,000 was paid to the (220) beneficiaries as relocation grants. The targeted grant transfer (TGT) has successfully metamorphosed into special grant transfer (SGT) where (430) beneficiaries of aged and disabled persons were mined from (URB) alone. Special Grant Transfer (SGT) in Gombe state had already paid the Conservative tranches of 20,000 only to 430 beneficiaries with only one tranche left to go.