As a result of conflicts arising in different parts of the country which has thrown up a large number of displaced persons. Prominent amongst these are the Boko Haram Insurgency in the North East and a series of communal as well as ethno-religious crises, which have resulted in a high number of these displaced persons finding themselves in the North East. Before now, the country does not have a cohesive and updateable database on the population of IDPs in the country. What exists are a spattering of registers by different agencies, communities, organisations etc, which were prepared majorly to address immediate humanitarian concerns. But as today, the country can boost of a database of IDPs at least in the North East states of the country.

It was in view of the above that the Host Community Based Identification (HCBI) was introduced. This is a targeting process that was specially designed to target Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) leaving in either Camps or Host communities in the six (6) North East States of Adamawa, Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, Taraba, and Yobe. The IDPs and vulnerable in the North East are to be identified and registered in a Unified Registry of Beneficiaries that can be used for any household and/or individual based social safety nets interventions. The procedure for gathering information on host communities is same as for the CBT/SR process, while that for the IDPs is an abridged version of same process.

YESSO currently adopts a combination of Geographic and Community Based Targeting (CBT) mechanism as a means of targeting, identifying and documenting the poor and vulnerable.

The HCBI Process include:

  • Geographical Mapping
  • Identification of IDPs in Host Communities
  • Data Collection and Entry
  • Use of URB by Intervention Agencies
  • Selection of Beneficiaries into YESSO interventions

The Unique Selling Point of YESSO is its reliance on the use of a transparent, credible and reliable database – containing relevant information - as the basis for providing social safety net support to different classes of people. The development and adoption of an HCBI follows YESSO’s tradition already encapsulated in the use of a Single Register. Thus, for the North East, a combination of the Single Register and Unified Register would provide such database. Suffice it to mention that the Unified Register would be reviewed as field implementation experiences emerge.